Columns in the Classical Order of Architecture form the basis of this post. We will consider four column types, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian & Tuscan. The general concept is that an “Order” is a method of properly assembling the elements of the column and is determined prior to design and can be thought of as the “grammar” of the element.
The simplest of the three Greek orders, the capital is a circle topped by a square. The shaft is plain with 20 generally fluted channels. Early versions had no base, but later forms added one.
This is a more decorative element than the Doric order with taller more fluted columns. Generally speaking, they include an entasis, or a slight bulging of the column. The friezes are plain, the bases large and the capitals feature scroll work .
This is the most ornate column of the classical orders. The fluted columns are somewhat slender and any entasis is less pronounced in use. The capitals include both flowers and scrolls. In many circles this is considered the most elegant of the classic Greek pieces.
Derived by the Romans from the Greek Doric, this is a very plain design and perhaps that is its appeal. The entablature is very plain, the column is unfluted and both the base and capital are extremely simple. A Tuscan column takes on a very solid appearance .
This has been a very basic primer on Columns in the Classical Order of Architecture. The point of whatever ever scholarship may exist here is to moderately educate a consumer who might be considering stone columns in their home. Thanks for reading!